What We Know So Far: iPhone X 0
Is the iPhone X the Sexiest Handset Yet?
The iPhone X may be sleek and sexy looking but it does it live up to its looks? The huge price tag is leaving Apple fans excited at the prospect of a sensational iPhone but it’s also intriguing to learn why it’s so much more expensive than previous models.
Let’s take a look at what it offers and what eager Apple fans can expect with its release this November.
Big, Beautiful Screen
On first glance, the pros are that the screen and interface are excellent, and really fair up well against current competitor models. The stylish glass design is featured throughout with glass on the on front and back. A stainless steel frame offers good grip and possible durability while being water-resistant means that you don’t need to worry too much about playing with your new phone near water.
The huge screen comes in at 5.8-inch and offers an OLED edge-to-edge display. It also boasts a 2436 x 1125 pixel resolution (458ppi) providing users with crystal clear displays for interactive use. The attractively large screen allows users to engage with their handset on a new level, enabling them to enjoy iOS features and app engagement on a higher level than is possible on previous models. What’s even better is that if you are willing to spend the money on a special cable, your new iPhone X is capable of fast charging. A bezel-less 5.8-inch screen comes across as rich and smooth in colour as it extends right down to the bottom of the device – something that we’ve really only seen on Samsung Galaxy devices thus far.
High-End Price Tag for a High-End Device
The fact that this handset it the most radically designed iPhone to date is incredibly exciting. However, the dramatic change in design (first big overhaul in ten years!) doesn’t come cheap at around a whopping £999 – the most expensive iPhone handset ever made. On the outset, it’s clear to see that this device isn’t one for those who like continuity with their products; something which Apple users have grown accustomed to. It’s been revived, modernised, and is truly ready to compete with its competitors.
Great for Snap Happy Users
To many, it may not seem like much has changed in terms of camera specs as the new handset still offers a 12-megapixel, f/1.8 aperture for the main rear camera, there are important advancements to the main camera, meaning that it should take better photos than ever before. For a start, Apple promises 83% more light in the photos and 36% more light for the second rear sensor – something which we haven’t seen before on an iPhone.
Possibly, what's more important, is the second rear camera, which allows both optical zoom in photos and Portrait Mode, now has Optical Image Stabilisation (OIS). Watch This Space Due to be released on 3rd November, die-hard fans of Apple iPhone devices must wait just a little while longer before being introduced as what’s being described as the most luxurious iPhone handset ever.
Security on the Samsung Galaxy Note 8: How it Works 0
The Samsung Galaxy Note 8 follows on from the S8 model in having enhanced security built in with facial recognition software. This allows your face to unlock your phone rather than a PIN code or thumb print, and is widely expected to be the future of security for devices.
Both phones have three-part unlocking security in place: an iris scanner, facial recognition software and finger print scanning, alongside a ‘Secure Folder’ for private material.
An iris scanner scans and maps out the unique patterns across your irises. These patterns are different for every person and almost impossible to replicate. Coloured contact lenses just won’t cut it! This means that relying on iris pattern scanning makes for one of the most secure measures possible, as only the user should be able to gain access. With both the Samsung Galaxy Note 8 and the S8, you hold up your phone’s front-facing camera and align your eyes with twin circles on the screen. The camera software then focuses in on these and scans across them to identify the eye patterns present.
Use your Samsung Galaxy Note 8 as precisely as possible. Shop for the Peapod Precision Screen Stylus now!
Facial recognition works in a similar way, but with slightly less detailed focus. Holding up the phone as though to take a selfie, the specialist software maps the face for elements that can’t be easily changed – such as jawline, nose and eye spacing. The user should ensure hair is out of their face and any glasses are removed, so that the software can map it as quickly as possible. If the face shape matches, the phone will unlock. However, this method of security has proved quite controversial as there is evidence online of it being fooled by selfies of the original user.
Get the perfect selfie on your Samsung Galaxy Note 8 with the Olixar Selfie Pole!
Finger print scanning is more common, and has been found on several smartphones previously. On the Samsung Galaxy Note 8, however, the finger naturally moves onto the fingerprint scanner on the back of the phone and unlocks it in one move without having to wake the phone first.
The HOCO Metal Desktop Stand allows you to use your phone steadily without needing to hold it!
All of these three options rely on the phone having a stock file for the user, to compare against when scanning. This original file can be added to the device during its initial set-up.
The Samsung Galaxy Note 8 includes an additional level of security for files which need extra privacy. A ‘Secure Folder’ is available within the phone and is protected by the Samsung Knox system, allowing it to be only visible to the original user of the phone during usage. Samsung Knox has been approved for use by 29 governments worldwide, with chip-levels security working through layers of both software and hardware. The newest version, Knox 2.8, is built into the Samsung Galaxy Note 8 as standard and is the most comprehensive encryption security system of its type yet.
What is it like to attend an Apple Launch Event? 0
Images of Steve Jobs and Tim Cook strutting across a stage making announcements on technological advancements to a rapturous crowd are iconic – and it’s this almost evangelical approach to products and their launches that has long differentiated Apple from its competitors in whipping consumers into a frenzy. The latest iPhone announcement is testament to this. Whilst millions watch the events and keynotes online, few actually get to attend. But who does, and what’s it like to be there? Gadgetwear explains all!
Apple Launch Events don’t just unveil new products, but also upgrades, announcements and re-designs. Held in California, US, it’s not easy to get an invite – and the invite often includes next to no real information on it. Only the crème de le crème of mainstream and tech press and media are invited, and often only one or two staff from each outlet. Apple’s invites normally include only a date, time, venue and tagline. The most recent event invite (for September 12th) simply said “See you at our place”, paying homage to the fact that this would be the first press conference to take place in Apple Park, the company’s HQ in Cupertino.
All of Apple’s Launch Events are streamed live on their website, but it seems while you occasionally see the odd sweep of a crowd watching enthralled, the streams rarely give away how many people are actually in attendance. Previous events have taken place in auditoriums homing up to 8,500 guests! This is, however, all set to change. Apple’s own auditorium, the Steve Jobs Theater, hosts up to only 1,000 people – so invites are going to be harder to get hold of and considerably more exclusive than previously!
While sitting and watching the Apple senior management present and announce, it’s encouraged that attendees share their experience and the news live on social media… from their Apple smartphone or tablet, of course! However, it’s a misconception that everyone in the audience is gifted all of the products for free. Whilst some press attendees have access to the products before full general release, in order to publish previews and reviews of them, lots of journalists find themselves queuing in the early hours of the morning alongside everyone else outside their local Apple store to make their purchases before they can publish anything.
If you’d like to attend an Apple Launch Event, you’ll need to bag yourself a job either high up within Apple itself, or at a leading tech media outlet. But if just visiting the place where it all takes place is enough to satisfy your curiosity, you’re in luck: Apple Park in California now has a visitor’s centre! There’s a café, observation deck overlooking the HQ in its entirety, and an Apple Store. Where better to get advice on your device?!
Whatever Apple device you own, Gadgetwear has a range of premium accessories available for you. Shop by device for iPhones, iPads, Macbooks and Apple Watches now!
Samsung Galaxy Note 8 vs. Samsung Galaxy Note 7: What's the Difference? 0
The Samsung Galaxy Note 8 will be on sale soon, and is one of the most hyped smartphone releases… well, ever. After the marketing disaster of mass recalls of the previous model, the Samsung Galaxy Note 7, sales across the board at Samsung suffered badly. However, before the issues with the battery of the Note 7 became apparent, the phone was popular and favoured by the public for its feature list. However, this has meant that Samsung needed to really ‘up their game’ with the latest model release. So, what’s changed?
Whilst the Samsung Galaxy Note 7 was a visually stunning phone, the Note 8 has moved away somewhat from the classical Note-range style of design, instead taking its aesthetic cues from the Samsung S range instead.
The front of the phone is almost entirely screen space, again with a dual-edge display and a metal and glass sandwich design. However, there are significantly less bezels around the display and this larger screen makes the Note 8 thicker and taller than its predecessor. The screen increases to 6.3-inches and the infinity display is the same is the newer S range models.
Finally, the fingerprint sensor has moved, but it is still on the back of the phone; this time to the right of the dual-camera.
Watch videos on the new, bigger screen with the HOCO Metal Desktop Stand.
The Samsung Galaxy Note 8 is the first Samsung smartphone to feature a dual-rear camera, with two 12-megapixel lenses. One has a wide-angle lens and the other a telephoto with optical zoom. Image stabilisation works on both. Of course, a front-facing selfie camera is still a feature, with a slight upgrade from the resolution of the Note 7.
Take photos from any awkward angle without risking dropping your phone with the LoveHandle Smartphone Grip.
Hardware and Software
You’ll find 6GB of RAM within the Samsung Galaxy Note 8, which runs either on the Qualcomm Snapdragon 835 or Exynos 8895. Internal storage options to purchase include 64GB, 128GB and 256GB, with a microSD slot for expansion. These are slight upgrades from the Galaxy Note 7. The iris-scanning capability has been upgraded.
Interestingly, the battery capacity is 3300mAh, which is smaller than the Galaxy Note 7, although it is still compatible with fast charging.
The Galaxy Note 7 launched on Android Marshmallow with the Samsung TouchWiz interface working within it. Similarly, the Galaxy Note 8 will launch on Android Nougat with TouchWiz also. There are several software upgrades in place however, including the new App Pair feature (allowing two apps to be open at the same time on a split screen) and Live Message (a GIF creator). Voice assistant Bixby is present on the new device, as on the S8 and S8+, and the new S Pen present offers a whopping 4096 levels of pressure!
Draw your GIFs with perfect precision using the Digital Artist Stylus.
This all investigated, the Samsung Galaxy Note 8 is set to retail for about £200 more than its predecessor, making it the most expensive phone Samsung have ever launched. If you decide to invest in the new model, shop the full accessories range on Gadgetwear now!
Which of the rumoured iPhone 8 features are likely to actually happen? 0
The iPhone 8 is expected to be announced and released to mark Apple’s 10-year anniversary of creating smart phones, and needless to say, rumours about its release are rife. At the moment, Apple have yet to comment at all on the release of the iPhone 8 so everything is speculation. It’s expected that the ‘big reveal’ will take place on September 12th and that the phone will be similar, but souped up, to previous models. Various media outlets and discussion forums are making predictions as to the phone’s features and specifications left right and centre… but how realistic are these predictions? Can we really expect them? Gadgetwear investigates!
We are assuming that the new phone will be called the iPhone 8, following in the footsteps of the numerical order the phones have taken thus far. But, this is the first big anniversary for Apple and so it may be they change things up – we could be looking at the iPhone X, iPhone D (for decade!), iPhone Pro, or iPhone 10!
3D Facial Recognition
Following on from the popular fingerprint sensor to unlock the more recent models of iPhone, this could be taken to the next level in line with other manufacturers. If Touch ID is removed, it seems a backward step to revert just to a PIN code, so we could more likely expect iris or facial scanning. It seems that there are security concerns no matter how phone manufacturers choose to unlock their models, but with a decent front-facing camera, iris or facial recognition seems quite likely.
Need to zoom in on that face as best possible? Shop the Olixar Selfie Pole now!
No Home Button
The single home button has been the domain of iPhones since the very first incarnation of it, but as screens have grown in size, the button has decreased. The iPhone 7 Plus has a 5.5-inch screen and if the new iPhone is to be the same, the home button may need to be removed to stop the model overall becoming too bulky. Could this be the end of the home button?
Take advantage of a bigger, better screen with the Peapod Precision Stylus!
Perhaps the most likely of all of the rumoured features, an OLED screen being introduced has been discussed by a number of credible tech media sources. This could be a huge benefit to battery life, as OLED screens produce their own light and don’t require backlighting. This also allows for truer and brighter colours, and a deeper black, as each individual pixel can be turned off.
Settle in to watch videos on the new bright screen. Use the HOCO Metal Desktop Stand to display it!
No matter what is or isn’t announced for the new iPhone, we’ll be sure to stock the perfect accessories to accompany it. Shop the iPhone 8 range on Gadgetwear now!
5 Things You Didn’t Know Your Samsung Galaxy Smartphone Could Do 0
The Samsung Galaxy range of smartphones and tablets have been one of the most successful and popular ever, but all may not be as it seems. There’s some hidden tricks your Samsung mobile can do that you probably haven’t spotted yet. Give these a try and unlock the hidden potential of your Galaxy!
- Give you direct access to S Voice Assistant
The S Voice feature is the Siri, Cortana and Hello Google feature for Samsung. S Voice can make calls, send messages, search online and pull off information from your apps in the same way that other voice-activated assistants can.
S Voice is most easily activated through the home button. Open S Voice > Settings > Open via the Home Key, for access just by double-pressing the home button. Easy peasy!
Access S Voice while you’re on the move with the Iottie Easy One Touch XL Car Mount!
- Play secret Android games
Those clever developers at Android have hidden little ‘easter eggs’ in the operating system for users to find. These vary in different versions of Android, but all include cartoon characters and then games and interactions.
To find yours, select Settings > About Device > Software Version> Android Version. Tap on the ‘Android Version’ 4-5 times in quick succession, and yours will launch!
Tip: this works on all Android phones, so you can share on with your friends even if they’re not Samsung users.
Play your phone’s games with better precision using the Lunatik Polymer Touch Stylus!
- Stretch out its battery life
As with any smartphone’s battery life, we always want more. The high capabilities of the Samsung Galaxy range means that usage drains pretty quickly.
The easiest way to stretch its life a little longer is to turn off the ‘Always On Display’ option. It’s handy to glance and check the time and notifications, sure, but it’s not often necessary. Visit Settings > Lock Screen and Security > Always On Display to toggle this options on or off. You’ll need to press a home button to then light up your screen again.
Charge your phone wherever you are with the Samsung Wireless Charging Kit!
- Resize your ‘widgets’
Ooh-er. Not all widgets can be resized, but most can. A long press selects them. When you move your finger, drag the blue box that appears to make it bigger or smaller to your taste. Even the Google search box can be resized to suit you better!
Keep your phone in one place with no wobble to resize and re-organise with the Hoco Compact Metal Desktop Stand!
- Work even when you wear gloves
Brrr! The Great British often means that we’re forced to cover our fingers when outside and it can be a complete pain when then trying to use your smartphone. The Galaxy phones, however, come with a built-in Glove Mode, enabling you to touch your phone in a slightly different way but it still to function.
Dependent on your phone, the navigation may vary but need to enable High Touch Sensitivity. Find this under Display or Controls.
Protect your Samsung smartphone from cold wet weather with the 360 range of waterproof cases!
Whatever model of Samsung you have, Gadgetwear has you covered for accessories and add-ons. Select your model and shop now!
5 Things You Didn’t Know About The Huawei P10 0
The Huawei P10 has only been available since February 201, but has made real waves since then. Chinese telecommunications manufacturer Huawei aren’t yet a household name but their smartphone range is of the highest quality and with lots of features yet to be matched by other, more common, phone producers.
There’s lots of features you may not have spotted on your Huawei P10 mobile phone yet, so keep reading to uncover some smartphone secrets…
- You can view the exact battery percentage
The Huawei P10 has an adequate battery life, but the nature of the features on the phone means that constant usage can drain it pretty quickly.
The percentage of battery available isn’t on show all the time like some other models, but you can look up how much is left by selecting Settings and then Battery. Scroll right the bottom and from here, you can turn on Remaining Battery Percentage.
Charge your Huawei P10 on the move with the Fuse 3.1 Dual USB In-Car Charger!
- You can scan up to five finger-prints to unlock the phone
As with most smartphones, the P10 can be unlocked by scanning a finger-print. It’s easy to just end up scanning the same one over and over, but there’s no need to. You can scan up to five digits to unlock your phone so it’s worth doing at least four… try both thumbs, the first two fingers on you more dominant hand.
Keep smeary finger-prints at bay from your Huawei P10 with the Olixar Travel Cleaning Kit!
- You can turn on an eye comfort mood
The blue light given off by screens is harmful to your eyes and when viewed in bed, can affect your sleeping patterns negatively.
The P10 has an Eye Comfort Mood to ease the strain on your peepers in light and dark. To enable it, select Setting > Display > Eye Comfort. The screen glare takes on a slightly yellow hue and the mode can be scheduled to only come on at certain times of the day or night.
Prop up your Huawei P10 for easy viewing with the HOCO Compact Metal Desktop Stand Holder!
- You can use the phone as a pedometer
There’s no need to download a fitness tracker or activity app on your Huawei P10 unless you need something sport-specific. The smartphone tracks your step movement without any intervention required from you. To access the pedometer, go to Settings > Screen Lock & Passwords > Show Step Count on Lock Screen. What that does is pretty self-explanatory!
Keep the playlist pumping when you’re on the move with the Wireless Bluetooth Sports Running Headset!
- You can keep the design sleek by removing the screen protector
The screen protector that comes with the phone no doubt compromises the clean-cut design lines of the handset. Some people are against ever removing protectors of this type, and there’s debate on the P10’s susceptibility to smears and marks. However, once you’ve removed the protective film, you’ll find the phone is aesthetically more pleasing and feels better to hold.
Keep your Huawei P10 protected even after the protector has been take off with the Olixar Armourdillo Tough Case!
Gadgetwear carries a range of accessories for all Huawei models, including the Honor, P and Mate ranges. Select your handset and shop now.
Must-have Accessories for the Google Pixel 0
It took years of speculation and anticipation until Google announced their first foray into smartphones with the Pixel and Pixel XL models. Announced in October 2016, the Google phones focused on their cameras, which were by far the best on the market at the time of launch, only later being surpassed by the HTC U11 (and even then, only just!). Yet the camera isn’t the only exciting feature on the phone, there’s lots to put to good use. We’ve found the best accessories for the Google Pixel around and list them all here…
Protective Casing: Urban Armor Gear Plasma Rugged Case
Your Google Pixel is likely one of the most expensive belongings that you carry with you at all times, so it’s important to keep it safe. A military-grade case that’ll protect your phone from bumps, scuffs and drops, this composite case provides structural rigidity in a feather-light casing.
All buttons and the finger-print reader are still easily accessible, but they’ll be much better protected in an Urban Amour case.
Screen Protector: Nillkin Anti-Glare Screen Protector
So you’ve protected the outer casing of your phone, but what about the glass screen? A broken screen doesn’t just make for a disruption but also can be a serious expense, so it makes sense to keep it safe against cracking or smashing.
The Google Pixel models have fantastic graphic displays and cameras, so the anti-glare element helps ensure you can see in HD even in the brightest of lights.
Car Mount: Auskey Universal Air Vent Car Mount
Being able to say “Hello Google” wherever and whatever you’re doing is a huge perk of having a Google smartphone. The GPS app on Google Maps is brilliant too, so you can navigate your way and get info on the go.
The Auskey Universal Car Mount slides into your car’s air vent and holds your phone in place so you can look at it without having to take your eyes off the road for too long, and without ever having to touch it.
Selfie Stick: Olixar Selfie Smart Pole
To take full advantage of the fantastic camera capabilities of the Google Pixel, you’ll need to be able to snap a stupendous selfie. The Olixar Selfie Smart Pole is compatible with Android 3.0 or later and comes with two mount sizes – so even the Pixel XL is catered for.
Shock absorption technology means that even if knocked, your phone will still be able to take the perfect picture.
Cleaning Kit: Olixar Smartphone Cleaning Travel Pack
The perfect companion for travelling, the Olixar Smartphone Cleaning Travel Kit can buff out finger-marks and smudges without smears and will get your touchscreen back to perfection.
A microfibre cloth can mop up any grease and dirt without leaving residue behind and will keep your screen clean for weeks.
Speaker: Yoobao Rechargeable Bluetooth Speaker
There’s plenty of room on your Google Pixel to store and stream your favourite music, so why not make an event of it?
The Yoobao Bluetooth Speaker connects with your phone and can amplify your playlist to as loud as you like. It’s portable and rechargeable so perfect for parades, parties and get togethers, both indoors and out.
Whatever accessory you need for your Google Pixel or Pixel XL, Gadgetwear will have something for you. Select your model of Google smartphone and shop away on the Gadgetwear site.
- Diana Cox
The History of the Apple iPhone 0
It doesn’t seem that long ago Steve Jobs announced Apple’s first foray into the smartphone market, but it was actually over a decade ago, in January 2007. Even by then, the launch of the iPhone was highly anticipated, and the ten years since, we’ve seen huge tech developments.
The first generation of Apple iPhone was released in June 2007, featuring quad-band GSM capability along with EDGE and GPRS. The phone was an innovator in its field, with major brands around the world clambering to create and offer third-party apps to download. The first-gen iPhone was extremely similar to the iPod Touch, but with the added benefit of benefit of being able to work as a telephone.
There was no iPhone 2, instead moving in June 2008 across to the 3G model and then the 3GS the year after. The release of these newer models coincided with iOS 2.0, and the new App Store as an application distribution tool. The ‘S’ was an abbreviation for speed, as an upgraded processor and memory in the latter phone made it faster to use. The 3GS was the first of the iPhone models to include voice control (shop the Gadgetwear range of microphone headphones now!) and video camera.
2010 saw the launch of the iPhone 4 as Apple’s flagship smartphone, and then another speedier successor with the 4S in 2011 (although this time round, the ‘S’ stood for Siri!). These two models had considerably upgraded operating systems, including iMessage and iCloud. An 8-megapixel camera greatly improved the photographic capability of the phones (shop the Gadgetwear range of selfie sticks now!)… perhaps the true catalyst of the selfie culture of today!
In 2012 and 2013, the iPhone 5 launched and the next year, the 5S and 5C. Each of these variants catered for different markets, with the 5S acting as a luxury product and the 5C as a budget version. The 5 range featured bigger screens and a new dock connector that was dissimilar to any other previous model (shop the Gadgetwear range of chargers and adaptors now!).
The iPhone 6 launched in 2014 and was swiftly followed by the 6 Plus, 6S and 6S Plus. The Plus models were much bigger than their counterparts and all contained faster processors, 3D touch, and fingerprint recognition. These phones are still popular throughout the UK.
The most recent range of Apple iPhones are the 7, 7 Plus and SE. Notable changes in these models include the removal of the headphone jack (shop the Gadgetwear range of wireless headphones now!), an upgraded 12-megapixel camera and a telephoto lens. These phones hit the mainstream quickly but reception was mixed compared to previous models.
It’s August now, and with new phones normally announced by Tim Cook in June, are Apple running a little behind? It’s expected that the new iPhone 8 will be announced within the next few weeks and time will tell which exciting updates the newest range will feature. Watch this space – and in the meantime, shop for all Apple accessories on Gadgetwear!
What Your Smashed Phone Screen Says About You 0
If you’ve never been there, you’re one lucky… mobile phone user. But if you have, you’re like the 90% of the population who have sheepishly had to walk into a phone repair shop and beg the staff to “please fix my phone screen!” before handing over an inordinate amount of cash for the privilege.
You also likely know at least one other person who constantly traipses around with a broken phone screen, be it just one crack or fully smashed. Do you raise an eyebrow when you see their broken phone or do you not even notice anymore? Do you find people looking at your smashed screen? What does it really say about you?
If or when you do smash your smartphone screen it’s immediately an inconvenience. Thought nine times out of ten your phone still works perfectly, the instant panic and shards of glass grazing your thumb galvanise you straight to Google, to find the nearest fairly-priced repair shop with a quick turnaround. If others spot your phone you’ll find yourself quick to explain and justify – and of course insist that you’re on your way to get it fixed.
So, what does your smashed phone screen say about you? It’s important not to let it become a metaphor for your lift, after all! A survey by Match.com published at the beginning of the year found that respondents admitted they judged someone negatively for having a cracked or smashed phone screen, with Generation X-ers and Baby Boomers the most likely to frown upon. Women were more likely than men to make a snap judgment on someone for a broken screen, and some even insisted that they wouldn’t date a person with a perpetually smashed phone. Strong stuff, eh?
If your smartphone screen is cracked but still usable – perhaps a crack in the corner only, or no sharp jagged edges – and you continue to use it, is this a typical life choice for you? Leaving fundamental basic parts of wellbeing and lifestyle with room for improvement but carrying on regardless.
Or are you leaving your phone screen cracked just because you understand nothing is perfect and nothing can stay beautiful forever? Are you just lazy and ‘can’t be arsed’? Perhaps you’re one of those people who no matter how hard you try to be sensible, somehow you end up acting reckless and messing things up?
However it was that you smashed your screen and whatever your reason is for letting it stay that way, prevent it from happening again; after all, prevention is the best solution! There are a variety of smartphone cases and covers to protect your screen and the casing around it from slips, trips and falls.
Urban Armor’s military-grade range of protective casing is available for a range of phones, including the Google Nexus, Google Pixel and Google Pixel XL. All new Samsung models are catered for too, as well as Motorolas, LGs, HTCs, Huaweis and iPhone models. Unfortunately, Urban Armor don’t yet offer cases for Sonys, but Gadgetwear have 11 pages of them to choose from on their site so there's plenty of options.